Applied Radiology
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Available Programs and Courses FOR Physician

A complete listing of currently available online programs is provided below. To view course materials click an available viewing format provided with each listing (PDF, HTML, Interactive). To access online exams and claim credit you must be registered and logged in.  To add courses to your "MyAR Archives" user account select the "Add To Cart" button provided with each course title and follow the prompts. 

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Non-neoplastic Cystic Lesions of the Central Nervous System:
Part 2: Idiopathic and Acquired Cysts
Released: September 01, 2022 Expires: August 31, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
20101

Orest Kayder, MD; Hamed Kordbacheh, MD; Sai Srikar Kilaru, MD; Imad Zak, MD, FACR

A variety of non-neoplastic intracranial cystic lesions are frequently encountered on brain imaging. Knowledge of their locations, imaging characteristics, and clinical behavior helps limit the differential diagnosis and guiding treatment. Jointly provided by IAME and Anderson Publishing Inc, this activity is designed to educate radiologists about idiopathic and acquired intracranial cystic lesions encountered on imaging, including their frequency, clinical presentation, and distinguishing imaging features that will help in guiding management.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Managing Patients with Passive Implants on Vertical Field MR Systems
Released: August 01, 2022 Expires: July 31, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Lawrence N. Tanenbuam, MD, FACR | Frank G. Shellock, PhD, FACC, FACR, FACSM | William Faulkner, B.S.,R.T.(R)(MR)(CT), FSMRT
20095
MRI technology has advanced with the availability of low - vertical field scanners. However, many patients present with passive implants and devices that are available in clinical practice, yet not approved for MR imaging in low field scanners.

In this CME program three MR imaging experts will provide unique perspectives on managing patients with passive implants and devices. The panel will discuss important MRI safety information and details on how to safely image these patients, including a review of screening policies, implant and device manufacturers’ information and resources, and the implementation plan for a MRI safety program, designed to mitigate the potential risks to patients presenting with passive implants and devices.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify challenges associated with imaging patients with passive implants on low field (<1.5-T) MR systems.
  • Review MRI considerations in order to safely manage patients that present with passive implants referred for scans on low field MR systems.
  • Implement protocols to safely scan patients presenting with passive implants that are not labeled for low field scanners, including 1.2-T MR systems.
  • Increase the number of patients eligible for MRI exams.

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Healthcare Americas Corporation.

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Abdominal and Pelvic Imaging of Transgender Patients
Released: July 01, 2022 Expires: June 30, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
20089

Elainea N Smith, MD; Mohammad Ghosheh, MBBS; Kristin K Porter, MD, PhD

The abdominal radiologist plays an important role in providing care for transgender and gender-diverse patients, regardless of whether these patients choose to pursue gender-affirming hormone therapy or surgery. Radiologists must be aware of the various treatment options and associated anatomic and pathologic changes in transgender patients to ensure accurate imaging interpretation. This activity is designed to educate radiologists about caring for transgender patients by reviewing relevant imaging findings of hormonal therapies, nonoperative procedures, and gender-affirming surgeries with a focus on abdominal and pelvic imaging. Creating an inclusive environment for transgender patients is also discussed.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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The Emerging Role of Digital Therapeutics in Medical, Surgical and Radiation Oncology
Released: June 01, 2022 Expires: May 31, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
20085

Will Jin, MD;1* Santosh Mohan, MMCi, COPHIMS;2 Matt Adams, BS;3 Sarah Hoffe, MD;4 Edmondo Robinson, MD, MBA2

Recent studies have shown the emergence of digital therapeutics (DTx) as potential solutions in the cancer care continuum to improve medication adherence, chemotherapy tolerance, and overall survival, while potentially reducing financial toxicity. In this review, the authors examine these new modalities and possible future benefits for cancer patients.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Trauma Imaging in Pregnancy: A Review of the Evolving Appearance of the Placenta on CT and Mimics of Placental Injury
Released: May 01, 2022 Expires: April 30, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
20059

Kaitlin M Zaki-Metias, MD; Mehrvaan Kaur, MD; Huijuan Wang, MD; Bilal Turfe; Nicholas Mills, MD; Yanruo Lu, MD; Bashir H Hakim, MD; Leslie S Allen, MD

Pregnant patients infrequently undergo CT given the risk of radiation to the developing fetus. As such, when CT is performed on pregnant patients in emergent situations, radiologists may be unfamiliar with the appearance of the placenta on CT and its normal evolution throughout gestation. This activity is designed to educate radiologists about the normal appearance of the placenta on CT and its evolution throughout pregnancy, as well as differentiation of these findings from placental abruption.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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A Practical Approach to MR Imaging: Stability or High Relaxivity?
Released: June 22, 2022 Expires: June 30, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Howard Rowley
20022

In this CME/CE accredited program Dr. Howard Rowley reviews important efficacy considerations of the FDA approved gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs), including clinical utility, safety issues, and practical approaches for selecting a GBCA when considering patient history, pathology and related risks.

Following Dr. Rowley's presentation, Dr. Rowley joins a panel of MR imaging experts in discussion about this important topic, followed by a moderated Q & A session with audience participation.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • List the key considerations in the choice of GBCAs, while balancing safety and efficacy.
  • Describe the transient effects of T1 and T2 relaxation during a GBCA bolus.
  • Understand the impact of high relaxivity gadolinium agents vs macrocyclic agents.
  • Design MRI protocols to optimize exam efficiency and enhanced lesion detection.
  • Implement GBCA protocols for special patient populations after considering risk assessment.

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from Bracco Diagnostics, Inc.

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A Proposed Way Forward From the Prior Authorization Crisis in Radiation Oncology
Released: March 01, 2022 Expires: February 29, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
20002

Praveen Pendyala, MD; Alexander G. Goglia, MD, PhD; Ronald D. Ennis, MD

The authors review the rationale behind the establishment of prior authorization (PA) by health care payers, discuss issues with the current system with a focus on radiation oncology, and propose multiple changes that could improve the system for clinicians, payers, and patients.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Imaging Upper Extremity Injuries in Pediatric Athletes
Released: March 01, 2022 Expires: February 29, 2024 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19985

Jonathan R Wood, MD; Ghazal Shadmani, MD; Marilyn J Siegel, MD

Pediatric upper-extremity sports injuries are common. However, the diagnosis can be challenging for radiologists who have limited experience in imaging children. Increased awareness of the imaging findings is critical in establishing the correct diagnosis and ensuring optimal patient management and outcomes. This activity is designed to educate radiologists about the radiographic findings of common acute and chronic sports injuries of the upper extremities in the pediatric population. Mechanisms of injury are also reviewed, as they impact the type of fracture that occurs. Additionally, the role of magnetic resonance imaging in complementing plain radiography is discussed.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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CT Simulation Clinical Advantages: A Case Study Review
Released: December 01, 2021 Expires: November 30, 2022 CE credits: 0.5 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Yashbir Mehta, MD
19943

CT Technology continues to evolve with modern platforms designed for radiation therapy (XRT) with advanced applications supporting comprehensive diagnoses, precise treatment plans and better patient outcomes. XRT is guided by CT Simulation which can be obstructed due to metal implants beam hardening artifacts. Metal Artifact Reduction (MAR) is a projection-based reconstruction technique that restores anatomical details obscured by metal during conventional image reconstruction and automatically improves images for increased clinical confidence.

In this accredited Expert Forum Webinar, Yashbir Mehta,MD, shares insights into the advanced CT Simulation techniques supporting the improvement of XRT treatment planning accuracy and specificity of tumor volumes. These advanced features are supported by a clinical review of cases demonstrating improved treatment plans, thus impacting patient management and care.

Learning Objectives

  • Implement advanced CT applications.
  • Effectively manage obese and claustrophobic patient.
  • Implement workflow considerations for improved service and reliability.

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Healthcare Americas Corporation.

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The Future of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast Agents
Released: January 01, 2022 Expires: December 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19942

Laura E Minton; Renu Pandit; WR Willoughby, PhD; Kristin K Porter, MD, PhD

Gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents (GBCAs) dominate the current contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) market and are proven to increase the efficacy of diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. However, in the future it is likely that a personalized combination of contrast enhancement and image processing techniques will be used to optimize diagnosis and treatment planning while minimizing risk and cost. This activity is designed to educate radiologists about the future of MRI contrasts agents, including high relaxivity macrocyclic GBCAs, alternatives to GBCAs, and imaging processing techniques.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) vs Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy (SABR): Does Terminology Differentiate Treatment Intent in Metastatic Cancer?
Released: December 01, 2021 Expires: November 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19940

Kaitlyn Lapen, MD; Noah J. Mathis, BS; C. Jillian Tsai, MD, PhD; Jonathan T. Yang, MD, PhD; Erin F. Gillespie, MD

The authors review published prospective trials and protocols on stereotactic radiation therapies for metastatic disease to determine whether the terms SBRT and SABR are being used differentially based on intent of treatment, defined by primary study outcome, and propose a distinct definition of each.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Synthetic 2D Mammography: The Roadmap for Interpreting Digital Breast Tomosynthesis
Released: November 30, 2021 Expires: November 29, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Laurie L. Fajardo, MD
19924
Dr. Laurie Fajardo will share her understanding of the benefits of synthetic 2D images with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) for diagnosing breast cancer along with considerations for implementing Synthetic 2D breast imaging protocols into your practice. Following the presentation questions from the audience were addressed in a moderated Q&A session.

Learning Objectives

  • Implement digital breast tomosynthesis protocols in clinical practice.
  • Differentiate characteristics of synthetic 2D mammography by manufacturer.
  • Discuss differences between wide vs narrow angle DBT acquisition and its effect of angular range on synthetic-2D image generation.

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Healthcare Americas Corporation.

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Implementing a Contrast-Enhanced Mammography Program
Released: November 29, 2021 Expires: November 28, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Matthew F. Covington, MD
19922

In this Expert Forum, Dr. Matthew Covington shares his understanding of the benefits and limitations of contrast-enhanced mammography, as compared to contrast-enhanced breast MRI, and how this imaging technique can be incorporated into clinical practice. Following the presentation questions from the audience were addressed in a moderated Q&A session.

Learning Objectives

  • Dictate the strengths and limitations of contrast-enhanced mammography compared to contrast-enhanced breast MRI.
  • Recognize indications for the appropriate use of contrast-enhanced mammography.
  • Implement a contrast-enhanced mammography program.

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Healthcare Americas Corporation.

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Interventional Stroke Management: An Update
Released: November 01, 2021 Expires: October 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19871

Ryan Holland, MD; Steven Benitez, MD; Addison Fortunel, MD; Andrew Brook, BA, MS; Deepak Khatri, MD; Allan Brook, MD

As thrombectomy has become the standard of care for large vessel/arterial occlusions, operators need an understanding of the techniques as well as the factors important for the device and vascular approach choices. This two-part article examines the latest techniques for endovascular treatment of acute stroke. The first part of this activity appeared in the September-October 2021 issue of Applied Radiology.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Actualizing Risk-Adapted Thoracic Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy with MR Guidance
Released: September 01, 2021 Expires: August 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19851

Lisa Singer, MD, PhD; Benjamin H. Kann, MD; Daniel N. Cagney, MD; Jonathan E. Leeman, MD; Sue S. Yom, MD, PhD; David Kozono, MD, PhD

While traditionally CT- and x-ray based, lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) practices will likely be impacted by the emerging availability of MR guidance. This review provides an overview of the role of MR guidance in SBRT for the treatment of lung cancers. Limitations, data, and future directions for treatments are reviewed with a focus on peripheral, central, and ultracentral lung cancers.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Integrating MR-Guided Radiation Therapy Into Clinical Practice: Clinical Advantages and Practical Limitations
Released: September 01, 2021 Expires: August 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19850

Leila T. Tchelebi, MD; Nicholas G. Zaorsky, MD, MS; Jennifer Rosenberg, MD; Kujtim Latifi, PhD; Sarah Hoffe, MD

While MR-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) offers many benefits, it is a costly and resource-intensive investment that can strain radiation oncology clinics not adequately prepared to incorporate this treatment. This work reviews clinical advantages and practical limitations of MRgRT, and suggests ideal patients for this technology. The authors also provide a practical guide for centers acquiring MRI-based linear accelerators to foster seamless integration.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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MR-Guided Radiation Therapy for Oligometastatic Malignancies
Released: September 01, 2021 Expires: August 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19849

Brittany R. Derynda, BA; *Casey L. Liveringhouse, MD; John M. Bryant, MD; Stephen A. Rosenberg, MD, MS

This review article describes technical advantages for MR-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) that lead to the rationale for use in the oligometastatic setting. The authors summarize existing data demonstrating the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of MRgRT for various disease sites. Finally, the authors discuss ongoing clinical trials utilizing MRgRT, which will continue to define and expand its role.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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MR Contrast Selection & Utilization in Pediatric & Neonatal Patients
Released: November 22, 2021 Expires: November 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Chetan C. Shah, MD, MBA
19815

In MR Imaging, a careful review of the safety criteria for the selection of a Gadolinium-based Contrast Agents (GBCAs) should be considered for pediatric and neonatal patients. The program will provide a comprehensive review of the supporting research that addresses Gadolinium selection in this special patient population. Both chronic and long-term effects of GBCAs will be discussed.

As a Pediatric Neuroradiologist, Dr. Shah is uniquely qualified to share his experience which includes a discussion of risk vs benefits, supported by practical protocols for the administration of MR contrast; including limiting the amount of contrast given to patients that may receive several lifetime doses. Following the presentation, the audience is invited to join Dr. Shah for an interactive Q & A session.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Explain the differences between available MR contrast agents and any associated adverse events
  • Improve clinical management decisions about when to administer MR contrast (risk vs benefit)
  • Apply FDA guidelines regarding MRI contrast agents to clinical practice.

Made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from Bracco Diagnostics, Inc.

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Imaging in Stroke Diagnosis and Treatment: An Update
Released: September 01, 2021 Expires: August 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19811

Steven Benitez, MD; Ryan Holland, MD; Richard Zampolin, MD; Andrew Brook, BA, MS; Joshua Hirsch, MD; Allan L Brook, MD, Deepak Khatri, MD

As thrombectomy has become the standard of care for large vessel/arterial occlusions, the indications are initiated by proper imaging and understanding of the brain blood flow physiology. This two-part series examines the standard of care for acute stroke imaging and the latest techniques. The second part of this activity on stroke intervention will appear in the November-December issue of Applied Radiology.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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FLASH Radiation Therapy: Review of the Literature and Considerations for Future Research and Proton Therapy FLASH Trials
Released: June 01, 2021 Expires: May 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19585

Ronald Chow, MS; Minglei Kang, PhD; Shouyi Wei, PhD; J. Isabelle Choi, MD; Robert H. Press, MD; Shaakir Hasan, DO; Arpit M. Chhabra, MD; Keith A. Cengel, MD, PhD; Haibo Lin, PhD; Charles B. Simone, II, MD

In this manuscript, the authors review the proposed mechanisms of action for FLASH radiation therapy (FLASH RT), summarize early preclinical results, discuss the first-in-human treatments with a focus on proton FLASH, and highlight challenges and future considerations of FLASH RT.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Technological Basis for Clinical Trials in FLASH Radiation Therapy: A Review
Released: June 01, 2021 Expires: May 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19584

*Yufan (Fred) Wu, MD; *Hyunsoo Joshua No, MD, CMD; Dylan Y. Breitkreutz, PhD; Anthony E. Mascia, PhD; Raphaël Moeckli, PhD; Jean Bourhis, MD, PhD; Emil Schùˆler, PhD; †Peter G. Maxim, PhD; †Billy W. Loo Jr., MD, PhD

With a steady increase in FLASH-RT human clinical trials underway, this review discusses the technological basis for FLASH-RT clinical trials and explores the modalities, treatment parameters, technical limitations, and potential indications of current ultrahigh dose RT (UHDR-RT) technologies.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Ovarian Masses and O-RADS: A Systematic Approach to Evaluating and Characterizing Adnexal Masses with MRI
Released: July 01, 2021 Expires: June 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19566

Ana Mitchell, MD; Austin Kwong, MD; Simran Sekhon, MD; John P McGahan, MD, FACR

Given that ovarian and adnexal masses are commonly encountered in daily clinical practice, it is important to be able to recognize worrisome features on MRI. Once these are identified, it is important to accurately classify ovarian masses according to criteria ranging from low-risk to high-risk lesions. Recognizing and categorizing ovarian masses is important for determining that no further treatment or imaging is required for benign or low-risk lesions. Similarly, recognition of a worrisome feature and proper classification of high-risk masses are necessary to permit appropriate referral of these patients to a surgical oncologist.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Cardiovascular Imaging: Complex Applications in Cardiac CT and CT Angiography
Released: June 08, 2021 Expires: June 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Richard Hallett, MD
19445
Often there is lack of knowledge amongst imaging professionals regarding IV contrast dynamics and the relationship between contrast injection, observed enhancement, and scan acquisition timing. The design of appropriate imaging protocols leads to effective and consistent cardiovascular exams; especially when applied to complex clinical scenarios.

This CME/CE accredited program will review contrast-saline dynamics and discuss rational protocol design for cardiac and vascular CT angiography. Effective cardiovascular imaging protocols, utilizing multiple CT injector platforms to achieve optimal imaging, will be reviewed. We invite you to join Dr. Richard Hallett for a comprehensive discussion and case study review of this important topic.

Following the presentation questions from the audience were addressed in a moderated Q&A session.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Understand the relationship between bolus contrast media injection and observed enhancement.
  • Implement methods to design rational contrast injection / scan acquisition protocols.
  • Review various models of CT contrast injectors and discuss benefits, limitations, and injection protocol adjustments for each.
  • Apply customized contrast-saline injection / scan principles to complex cardiovascular disease cases.

Made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from Bracco Diagnostics, Inc.

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Elbow Effusion: Utility and Limitations of Radiography in Pediatric Injuries
Released: May 01, 2021 Expires: April 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19429

Sachin S Kumbhar, MD

Fractures of the elbow are one of the commonest pediatric injuries. Some of these fractures can be occult on initial radiographs, an elbow effusion being the only initial finding. Elbow effusion can be detected on an adequately obtained lateral radiographic projection of the elbow by identifying the visibility and shape of the anterior and posterior fat pads. To maximize the accuracy of detecting elbow effusions, radiologists should be aware of conditions that can affect the visibility of these fat pads.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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* Basic MRI Safety Training (4th Edition): Level 1 MR Personnel
Released: April 01, 2021 Expires: April 30, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $30.00
Faculty: Frank G. Shellock, PhD, FACC, FACR, FACSM
19390

Individuals entering the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) environment, whether on a regular or infrequent basis, must be properly trained to ensure their safety, the protection of patients, and the security of other facility staff members. This program, Basic MRI Safety Training, Level 1 MR Personnel accomplishes the initial training that is necessary to ensure safety in the unique setting associated with the MRI system. It includes information pertaining to MRI technology, describes common hazards and unique dangers associated with the MRI setting, and presents vital recommendations and guidelines to prevent accidents and injuries. Importantly, this program provides the fundamental MRI safety information for Level I MR Personnel recommended by the American College of Radiology and may be utilized by individuals preparing for safety training as Level 2 MR Personnel.

With more than 35 years of experience in the field of MRI, the author of the best-selling textbook series, the Reference Manual for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Implants and Devices, and the creator of the internationally popular website, www.MRIsafety.com, Dr. Frank G. Shellock is uniquely qualified to present the information in this program.

Educational Objectives

  • Appreciate the importance of MRI
  • Identify the hazards associated with MRI
  • Understand the screening process
  • Describe steps to prevent accidents and injuries

This is a Pay-To-View program. Purchase is required for full program access. 

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Managing Anxiety and Minimizing Sedation Requirements in the Pediatric Radiation Oncology Population
Released: March 01, 2021 Expires: February 28, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19368

Nathaniel Goldman, BA*; Matthew Gallitto, MD*; Cheng-Chia Wu, MD, PhD

This review article provides a thorough outline of various modalities to help guide implementation of strategies to reduce anxiety in treatment facilities. Categories include interventions before treatment (psychoeducational interventions, play therapy) and during treatment (specialized staff, environmental modifications, distraction, reward/incentive systems).

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Head and Neck Radiation Therapy
Released: March 01, 2021 Expires: February 28, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19367

Adam C. Riegel, PhD, DABR

The purpose of this article is to review recent advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) as they specifically pertain to head-and-neck radiation oncology. The main focus will be applications and clinical impact of these techniques. Specifically, this article addresses autosegmentation of organs at risk (OARs), autosegmentation of target volumes, treatment planning and predictive dose calculation, image-guided adaptive radiation therapy, prognosis and outcome prediction, and quality assurance.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Acquired Pericardial Pathologies: Imaging Features, Clinical Significance, and Management
Released: March 01, 2021 Expires: February 28, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19354

Pegah Khoshpouri, MD; Mahdie Hosseini, MD; Arya M Iranmanesh, MD; Bahar Mansoori, MD; Arash Bedayat, MD; Holman P McAdams, MD; Hamid Chalian, MD

There are several acquired diseases involving the pericardium. The clinical signs and symptoms of most of the pericardial disease are similar. This underscores the importance of medical imaging in identification of specific pericardial diseases.

Unfortunately, there are also similarities between the imaging features of several pericardial diseases. Therefore, familiarity with imaging features of different pericardial diseases is very important in the proper management of these patients. It is also of great importance that radiologists understand the clinical significance and management of different pericardial diseases so that they can better communicate with referring clinicians.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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An Overview of Acute Mesenteric Ischemia
Released: January 01, 2021 Expires: December 31, 2023 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19259

Arash Mirrahimi, MD, MSc; Charlotte Gallienne, MD; Hournaz Ghandehari, MD, FRCPC

Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a true surgical emergency and a rare life-threatening condition, accounting for 0.01% of hospital admissions, with extremely high mortality rates (up to 69%). Poor outcomes remain prevalent despite advances in both diagnostic and treatment options over the last two decades

Early diagnosis and management are particularly important given that the highest incidence of AMI occurs in the elderly population, who often have multiple comorbidities leading to a worse prognosis. Biphasic contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images have become the mainstay and standard of care for investigation and timely diagnosis of AMI.

As such, the importance of recognizing imaging features of AMI and timely communication of findings with the referring physicians is of utmost importance for diagnostic radiologists and always a worthwhile topic for review. We have therefore endeavored to provide a brief summary of the presentation of AMI, its causes, relevant anatomy, and most importantly, illustrated review of CT findings that delineate ischemic changes of the bowel and mesentery.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Outcomes Among Young Adults and African Americans in the United States
Released: December 01, 2020 Expires: November 30, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19231

Maya C. Graves, MS; Janna Z. Andrews, MD

This article reviews current literature continuing to highlight persistent disparities in the diagnosis, treatment and survival outcomes in colorectal cancer in young adults and Black individuals. Topics discussed include screening recommendations, age disparity, racial disparity, and differences in outcomes between Black and White patients in the growing cohort of young adult patients.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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Disparities In Lung Cancer for Black Patients In The US: An Overview of Contributing Factors and Potential Strategies for Radiation Oncologists To Bridge the Gap
Released: December 01, 2020 Expires: November 30, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19230

Victor E. Chen, MD; Joseph F. Lombardo, DO, PharmD; Serguei A. Castaneda, MD; Karen M. Winkfield, MD, PhD; Scot A. Fisher, DO; Eric L. Gressen, MD; Shari B. Rudoler, MD; Weisi Yan, MD, PhD; Shefali R. Gajjar, MD

This review article describes key factors that contribute to lung cancer disparities for Black patients and discusses strategies and future directions for radiation oncologists to bridge the gap. Topics discussed are contributing factors for disparities in lung cancer incidence, disparities in lung cancer prevention, disparities in lung cancer treatment and outcomes, and potential strategies to overcome barriers.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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MR Contrast Agents: A Review of the Current Agents & Their Safety Profile
Released: December 01, 2020 Expires: November 30, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Lawrence N. Tanenbuam, MD, FACR
19190
Today, with such a wide selection of gadolinium-based contrast agents available to choose from; imaging professionals must be aware of the chemical make-up when selecting a MR agent for a particular exam.

This CME/CE accredited webinar with Lawrence N. Tanenbaum, MD, FACR,  provides a review of the currently available FDA-approved MR contrast agents and their safety profiles. Following Dr. Tanenbaum's presentation questions from the audience were addressed in a moderated Q&A session.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Discuss the available FDA-approved contrast agents in the US market.
  • Review the chemical structure, indications, and safety profile of these agents.
  • Develop a better understanding of how selection of contrast can affect patient outcomes.

Supported through an unrestricted educational grant from GE Healthcare

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Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound of Renal Masses
Released: November 01, 2020 Expires: October 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
19171

Jack Bennett, Cynthia Peterson, MPH, RDMS, RVT; Richard G. Barr MD, PhD

Ultrasound (US) is often the initial imaging modality for evaluation of renal diseases. Non-enhanced US faces limitations in the assessment of focal renal masses and complex cysts. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) on the kidneys can overcome these shortcomings.

There are several advantages of CEUS over contrast-enhanced CT or contrast-enhanced MRI. These include the fact that the narrow US beam allows for improved visualization of vascularity in small structures such as septations or small mural nodules; high temporal resolution with real time assessment of vascularity; lack of radiation; and no renal impairment.

Excluding inflammatory masses, vascular abnormalities and pseudotumors, most solid enhancing renal masses are malignant. Complicated cystic lesions with enhancing soft tissue components, excluding the actual cyst wall, are malignant. Using enhancement pattern, renal masses can be characterized with high sensitivity and specificity

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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PSMA Imaging: Current Status & Prospects
Released: October 29, 2020 Expires: October 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Jeremie Calais, MD, MSc | Jeffrey R. Karnes, MD | Oliver Sartor, MD
19151

This educational webinar features a panel of experts from Nuclear Medicine, Urology and Oncology, who are involved in the diagnosis and management of Prostate Cancer. By understanding the benefits of PSMA imaging, a Urologist’s timely referral can positively impact the patient’s journey and ultimately their quality of life. The clinical benefits of a prompt and accurate diagnosis of Prostate CA, using PSMA-11 PET/CT, will be reviewed by the faculty.

Upon completion of this CME activity the healthcare provider should be able to:

  1. Discuss the clinical benefits of PSMA Imaging for the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer
  2. Describe patient considerations for 68GA PSMA-11 PET/CT
  3. Articulate the clinical implications supporting the timely diagnosis of prostate cancer
  4. Implement guidelines of when to order 68GA PSMA-11 vs other imaging modalities (Bone scan, CT, MRI)
  5. Implement PSMA Imaging practice considerations to improve outcomes and patient management

This program is made possible through an unrestricted educational grant from Telix Pharmaceuticals

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Part 3 | DBT, Breast Density and Artificial Intelligence
Released: October 23, 2020 Expires: October 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.5 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Laurie L. Fajardo, MD
18976

In this final segment of this 3-part series, Dr. Laurie Fajardo addresses the radiologist’s challenges associated with dense breast imaging and interpretation through discussion and case presentation of interval breast cancer. This includes issues associated with assigning breast cancer risk to breast density and qualitative versus quantitative methods for assessing, and reporting breast density and risk assessment.

Further Dr. Fajardo will discuss how to incorporate breast cancer risk assessment into your breast imaging practice and closes the program with a discussion on the current impact of Artificial Intelligence on breast imaging and how it can enhance workflow.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Articulate issues associated with assessing and reporting breast density and its associated cancer risk.
  • Explain the benefits of incorporating comprehensive risk assessment into breast imaging practices.
  • Implement the use of artificial intelligence to enhance breast imaging practice workflow and performance.

Supported through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Medical Systems U.S.A., Inc.

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Part 2 | The Application of Integrating DBT Into Your Practice
Released: October 13, 2020 Expires: October 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Laurie L. Fajardo, MD
18975

In this second of a 3 Part Series, Dr. Laurie Fajardo discusses the benefits of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) for detecting and diagnosing breast cancer and things to consider when planning or implementing DBT into breast imaging practices.

Dr. Fajardo discusses the importance of radiation dose reduction with synthetic 2D, reviews the published literature on the performance of synthetic 2D mammography, and shares how DBT can impact data storage and network data transmission across your PACS and enterprise system.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Describe the efficacy of synthetic 2D from DBT.
  • Implement procedures for managing DBT data volumes and workflow.
  • Develop an approach to interpreting DBT images.

Supported through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Medical Systems U.S.A., Inc.

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Part 1 | The Foundation of Integrating DBT Into Your Practice
Released: October 06, 2020 Expires: October 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Laurie L. Fajardo, MD
18974

In this program Dr. Laurie Fajardo shares her experience with the set-up and use of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in clinical practice. Participants will hear about system design, the impact on clinical performance, and how to best manage recall rates. In addition through carefully selected cases, Dr. Fajardo will share her approach to image interpretation and how one can manage DBT workflow effectively.

Educational Objectives:
At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Explain the technology behind digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT).
  • Describe the impact DBT has on clinical performance.
  • Implement an approach to DBT interpretation.

Supported through an unrestricted educational grant from FUJIFILM Medical Systems U.S.A., Inc.

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* Advanced MRI Safety Training For Healthcare Professionals (4th Edition): Level 2 MR Personnel
Released: April 22, 2020 Expires: March 31, 2024 CE credits: 3.0 Cost: $50.00
Faculty: Frank G. Shellock, PhD, FACC, FACR, FACSM
18586

This program reviews fundamental MRI safety information and meets the annual training recommendations from the American College of Radiology. Importantly, MRI facilities must now comply with the revised requirements for diagnostic imaging from The Joint Commission and document that MRI technologists participate in ongoing education that includes annual training on safe MRI practices in the MRI environment. Notably, Advanced MRI Safety Training for Healthcare Professionals, Level 2 MR Personnel covers each MRI safety topic specified by The Joint Commission, as well as many additional subjects that will expand the knowledge-base of healthcare professionals involved with MRI technology.

With 35 years of experience in the field of MRI, the author of the best-selling textbook series, the Reference Manual for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Implants and Devices, and the creator of the internationally popular website, MRIsafety.com, Dr. Frank G. Shellock is uniquely qualified to present the information in this program.

Advanced MRI Safety Training for Healthcare Professionals (4th Edition), Level 2 MR Personnel is a 2 hour and 45 minute program that is divided into three different sections.

Educational Objectives

  • Understand the safety issues related to MRI.
  • Describe the bioeffects associated with the static magnetic field, time-varying magnetic fields, and radiofrequency fields.
  • Present guidelines that prevent projectile-related accidents.
  • Describe polices that avoid issues related to acoustic noise.
  • Review procedures that prevent burns associated with MRI.
  • Explain and demonstrate appropriate pre-MRI screening procedures.
  • Identify techniques to manage patients with claustrophobia, anxiety, or emotional distress.
  • Describe guidelines to handle medical emergencies in the MRI setting.
  • Understand the safety considerations for gadolinium-based contrast agents.

This is a Pay-To-View program. Purchase is required for full program access.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Meniscal Tears: A Multi-modality Review
Released: January 01, 2020 Expires: December 31, 2022 CE credits: 1.0 Cost: $0.00
Faculty: Applied Radiology
18417

Matthew Schwenke, MD; Manu Singh, MD; and Bernard Chow, MD

Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are increasing over time, with younger women at elevated risk. Meniscal tears are also a significant source of morbidity in both the younger and older populations. Surgical repair of both conditions may alleviate symptoms and allow resumption of athletic activities. Understanding of the pathogenesis, associated findings, and appearance of these injuries on all imaging modalities is critical to their accurate diagnosis and timely treatment. Radiographs may show indirect signs of ACL and meniscal injuries. Ultrasonography is being utilized more often in the workup of these conditions as an adjunct to physical exam and as an initial screening tool. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) arthrography are both well suited for evaluation of these lesions, though somewhat limited by cost and access for MRI and by invasiveness for CT arthrography. ACL and meniscal tears can also be graded and classified according to their appearance on imaging which helps guide the surgeon during arthroscopy.

Available for SA-CME Credit. To receive SA–CME credit, you must complete the post exam and review the discussion and references provided with the exam results.

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